"In challenging Mr. Szarkowski’s dismissal of Winogrand’s last pictures, Mr. Rubinfien was doing more. He was poking his finger in a sore spot that has made photographers uncomfortable from the early days of the medium: the anxiety that they are plying a mechanical craft that is not truly an artistic form of expression. Is the clicking of the camera shutter only a first step, after which — if an artistic photograph is to be distinguished from the deluge of thoughtless shots — the proofing, editing and printing of the image must follow? Or can a photographer who exposes the film but goes no further nonetheless be an artist?"
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